National Egg Day is Tuesday, June 3, 2014. National Egg Day was first declared a day of celebration by Claudius Nero Germanicus (b. 10 BC, d. 54 A.D.; emperor, 41-54 A.D.) who was the third emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Due to a severe poultry plague that devastated Europe at the beginning of the first millennium, chickens and particularly eggs were feared as a staple food source.
Three years after the plague had begun, Claudius challenged nobles within his realm to eat eggs to prove to the peasant population that it was indeed now safe to do so. None accepted the challenge except Augustus Antonius who invited all far and wide to witness his meal of boiled eggs. Showing no ill effects, the Roman populace once again embraced eggs and poultry. As a result, Claudius issued a royal proclamation dedicating the third day of June as the Holy Roman Day of Eggs.
The holiday endured for more than 500 years but ended during Justinian’s reign. The egg remembrance resurfaced in 1805 during Napoleon’s rule after he captured historical Italian documents relating to the Holy Roman Empire. Intrigued by the fact that Roman emperors were so enamored of the egg, and not wanting to be upstaged by them, he also declared June 3rd as “Oeuf Journée Nationale” or, “National Egg Day.” It has remained a popular acknowledgement by western society to this day.———– (Source: Wikipedia)